Jesus Through the Word: Introduction

Jesus Through the Word

Week One: The Bible

1. The Word of God is received by faith
Hebrews 11:3 By faith we understand that the universe was created by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things that are visible.

John 14:25-26 These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.

Hebrews 4:1-3 Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united by faith with those who listened. For we who have believed enter that rest

Romans 10:17 So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.

2. The main character is Jesus

1 Peter 1:10-12 Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories. It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.

John 5:36-40 The works that the Father has given me to accomplish, the very works that I am doing, bear witness about me that the Father has sent me. And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. His voice you have never heard, his form you have never seen, and you do not have his word abiding in you, for you do not believe the one whom he has sent. You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness about me, yet you refuse to come to me that you may have life.

John 20:30-31 Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

3. It is authoritative for all of life

2 Peter 1:19-21 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone's own interpretation. For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

Titus 2:11-15 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people, training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age, waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works. Declare these things; exhort and rebuke with all authority. Let no one disregard you.

2 Timothy 3:14-17 But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have firmly believed, knowing from whom you learned it and how from childhood you have been acquainted with the sacred writings, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

4. Inerrancy/Infallibility/Perspicuity

John Frame: Inerrancy means There are no errors, whereas Infallibility means There can be no errors.

John 17:17 - Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.

The Inerrancy of Scripture helps us with

- Miracles

- Supernatural events

- Difficult Doctrines

The Infallibility of Scripture helps us with

- Trusting the Word

- Obedience

- Walking by faith

Translations: Not perfect, but not outside the providence of God, either. Nor outside His plan either.

- Matthew 3:3 vs Isaiah 40:3

- Hebrews 10:5-7 vs Psalm 40:6-8

Perspicuity - Simply means clarity. Though clarity does not automatically guarantee an understanding heart (see John 14 above)

Deuteronomy 8:3 - man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.

Deuteronomy 30:14 - But the word is very near you. It is in your mouth and in your heart, so that you can do it.

Ps 19:7-8 - The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple; the precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes…

Bottom line: God says something. I need to figure out what He said, what He meant. Once I do, I am free to simply take Him at His word. More than that, I am required to believe Him, even in the face of scholarship, even in the face of science, even in the face of well-meaning Christians. There are few certainties in this world. But God is certain, and therefore God’s word is certain too.

5. Hermeneutics 

So then, how do we interpret Scripture? According to how the author intended us to read it. That is, according to its genre.

1. Historical Narrative - 1 Kings 15:33 (Genesis, much of Exodus and Numbers, Joshua through Esther, Acts)

2. Law Code - Leviticus 16:21(Part of Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy)

3. Poetry - Psalms - Psalm 1 (Psalms)

4. Poetry - Wisdom - Proverbs 10:1 (Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon)

5. Apocalyptic/Prophetic - Isaiah 13:9, Jeremiah 31:31 (Prophets, Revelation)

6. Gospel - Mark 1:1 (Gospels)

7. Epistle - Romans 1:1 (Epistles)

6. Jesus Through the Word

1. Type and Antitype (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Joshua, David, Solomon => Jesus)

2. Typology vs Allegory - History with layers, historical events as types

3. Romans 5:14 - Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

4. Matthew shows Jesus as Antitype of Israel

The Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments are the verbally inspired words of God, inerrant and infallible in their teaching, clear in their presentation, and of supreme and final authority for living and active faith; by such faith the Word focuses us body and soul on the glory and majesty and authority of Jesus Christ the King, granting life and discernment by the illumination of the Holy Spirit to live lives of faithful and joyful obedience before the Most High God, our Heavenly Father.

Joe Carlson